# Author Archives: Ajitesh Kumar

## Pricing Analytics in Banking: Strategies, Examples

Have you ever wondered how your bank decides what to charge you for its services? Or perhaps how do banks arrive at the pricing (fees, rates, and charges) associated with various banking products? If you’re a product manager, data analyst, or data scientist in the banking industry, you might be well aware that these pricing decisions are far from arbitrary. Rather, these pricing decisions are made based on one or more frameworks while leveraging data analytics. They’re the result of intricate pricing strategies, driven by an extensive array of data and sophisticated analytics. In this blog, we will learn about some of the popular pricing strategies banks execute to set …

## Customer Segmentation in Banking: Examples

Ever wondered how some banks seem to know exactly what their customers need, almost before the customers do? They’re probably leveraging the power of customer segmentation. We all know how vital it is for any businesses including banks to truly understand their customers in today’s competitive landscape. And that’s where the magic of customer segmentation comes into play. It is enabling banks to dive deep into customer data and extract actionable insights, influencing everything from crafting personalized experiences to strategic decision making. In this blog post, we’re going to learn about customer segmentation use cases in banking, showcasing how it’s going to impact product development, risk management, and customer acquisition. …

## Machine Learning Use Cases in Finance: Concepts & Examples

What if we can build solutions that could predict financial market trends, assess credit risk with unerring precision, detect fraudulent activities before they occur, and significantly automate your day-to-day operations? Such solutions can be called as predictive analytics solutions which leverages AI / machine learning for making predictions. Machine learning has found its way into finance and is being used in various ways to improve the industry. Finance has always been a data-driven industry, and in recent years, machine learning has become an increasingly important tool for making sense of that data. In this blog post, we will explore some of these use cases and explain how machine learning is …

## Kruskal Wallis H Test Formula, Python Example

Ever wondered how to find out if different groups of people have different preferences? Maybe you’re a marketer trying to understand if different age groups prefer different features in a smartphone. Or perhaps you’re a public policy researcher, trying to determine if different neighborhoods are equally satisfied with their local services. How do you go about answering these questions, especially when the data doesn’t follow the typical bell-shaped curve or normal distribution? The solution lies in the Kruskal-Wallis H Test! This is a non-parametric test that helps to compare more than two independent groups and it comes in really handy when the data is not bell-shaped curve data or not …

## Weighted Regression Model Python Examples

Have you ever wondered how regression models can be enhanced to provide more accurate predictions, even in the presence of outliers or data points with varying significance? Enter weighted regression machine learning models, an approach that assigns weights to data points, allowing for precise adjustments and improvements in prediction accuracy. In this blog post, we will learn about the concepts of weighted regression models with the help of examples while demonstrating with the help of Python implementation. Traditional linear regression is a widely-used technique, but it may struggle when faced with outliers or situations where some data points carry more weight than others. However, weighted regression models help overcome these …

## Clinical Trials & Statistics Use Cases: Examples

Are you a statistician, data scientist or business analyst working in the field of clinical trials? Do you find yourself curious about how statistical analyses play a pivotal role in unlocking valuable actionable insights and driving critical decisions in drug development? If so, in this blog, we will learn about various different use cases where clinical trials and statistics intersect. Clinical trials are the backbone of evidence-based medicine, paving the way for the discovery and development of innovative therapies that can improve patient outcomes. Within this realm, statistics allows researchers and analysts to make sense of complex data, evaluate treatment efficacy, assess safety profiles, and optimize trial design. In this …

## Spearman Correlation Coefficient: Formula, Examples

Have you ever wondered how you might determine the relationship between two sets of data that aren’t necessarily linear, or perhaps don’t adhere to the assumptions of other correlation measures? Enter the Spearman Rank Correlation Coefficient, a non-parametric statistic that offers robust insights into the monotonic relationship between two variables – perfect for dealing with ranked variables or exploring potential relationships in a new, exploratory dataset. In this blog post, we will learn the concepts of Spearman correlation coefficient with the help of Python code examples. Understanding the concept can prove to be very helpful for data scientists. Whether you’re exploring associations in marketing data, results from a customer satisfaction …

## Heteroskedasticity in Regression Models: Examples

Have you ever encountered data that exhibits varying patterns of dispersion and wondered how it might impact your regression models? The varying patterns of dispersion represents the essence of heteroskedasticity – the phenomenon where the spread or variability of the residuals / errors in a regression model changes across different levels or values of the independent variables. As data scientists, understanding the concept of heteroskedasticity is crucial for robust and accurate analyses. In this blog, we delve into the intriguing world of heteroskedasticity in regression models and explore its implications through real-world examples. What’s heteroskedasticity and why learn this concept? Heteroskedasticity refers to a statistical phenomenon observed in regression analysis, …

## Underwriting & Machine Learning Models Examples

Are you curious about how AI / machine learning is revolutionizing the underwriting process? Have you ever wondered how machine learning models are reshaping risk assessment and decision-making in industries like insurance, lending, and securities? Underwriting has long been a critical process for assessing risks and making informed decisions, but with the advent of machine learning, the possibilities have expanded exponentially. By harnessing the immense capabilities of machine learning algorithms and the abundance of data available, organizations can extract actionable insights, achieve higher accuracy, and streamline their underwriting practices like never before. In this blog, we will learn about how machine learning models can be used effectively for underwriting processes, …

## Loan Eligibility / Approval & Machine Learning: Examples

It is no secret that the loan industry is a multi-billion dollar industry. Lenders make money by charging interest on loans, and borrowers want to get the best loan terms possible. In order to qualify for a loan, borrowers are typically required to provide information about their income, assets, and credit score. This process can be time consuming and frustrating for both lenders and borrowers. In this blog post, we will discuss how AI / machine learning can be used to predict loan eligibility. As data scientists, it is of great importance to understand some of challenges in relation to loan eligibility and how machine learning models can be built …

## Credit Risk Modeling & Machine Learning Use Cases

Have you ever wondered how banks and financial institutions decide who to lend money to, or how much to lend? The secret lies in credit risk modeling, a sophisticated approach that evaluates the likelihood of a borrower defaulting on their loan. Through in-depth analysis of historical data and borrower’s credit behavior, these models play a pivotal role in guiding lending decisions, managing risks, and ultimately, driving profitability. In the face of growing financial complexities, traditional methods are often insufficient. That’s where machine learning comes into play that helps better anticipate credit risk. By automating the identification of patterns within data, patterns that often go unnoticed by human analysis, machine learning …

## Matplotlib Bar Chart Python / Pandas Examples

Are you looking to learn how to create bar charts / bar plots / bar graph using the combination of Matplotlib and Pandas in Python? Bar charts are one of the most commonly used visualizations in data analysis, enabling us to present categorical data in a visually appealing and intuitive manner. Whether you’re a beginner data scientist or an intermediate-level practitioner seeking to enhance your visualization skills, this blog will provide you with practical examples and hands-on guidance to create compelling bar charts / bar plots using Matplotlib libraries in Python. You will also learn how to leverage the data manipulation capabilities of Pandas to prepare the data for visualization, …

## One-hot Encoding Concepts & Python Examples

Have you ever encountered categorical variables in your data analysis or machine learning projects? These variables represent discrete qualities or characteristics, such as colors, genders, or types of products. While numerical variables can be directly used as inputs for machine learning algorithms, categorical variables require a different approach. One common technique used to convert categorical variables into a numerical representation is called one-hot encoding, also known as dummy encoding. When working with machine learning algorithms, categorical variables need to be transformed into a numerical representation to be effectively used as inputs. This is where one-hot encoding comes to rescue. In this post, you will learn about One-hot Encoding concepts and …

## Differences: Azure OpenAI vs OpenAI – Examples

As the field of AI continues to evolve, the collaboration between Azure and OpenAI has brought forth a powerful combination of generative AI capabilities and enterprise-grade security. In this blog post, we will explore the differences between Azure OpenAI and OpenAI, with a focus on the benefits of Azure OpenAI in terms of security and model compatibility. What’s Azure, OpenAI & Azure OpenAI? Azure is Microsoft’s cloud computing platform that provides a comprehensive suite of services, tools, and infrastructure for building, deploying, and managing applications and services. It offers a wide range of capabilities, including virtual machines, storage solutions, databases, AI services, and more. OpenAI is a leading artificial intelligence …

## Difference between Parametric vs Non-Parametric Models

When working with machine learning models, data scientists often come across a fundamental question: What sets parametric and non-parametric models apart? This is also one of the most frequent questions asked in the interviews. Machine learning models can be parametric or non-parametric. Parametric models are those that require the specification of some parameters before they can be used to make predictions, while non-parametric models do not rely on any specific parameter settings and therefore often produce more accurate results. These two distinct approaches play a crucial role in predictive modeling, each offering unique advantages and considerations. This blog post discusses parametric vs non-parametric machine learning models with examples along with …

## What & When: List, Tuple & Set in Python – Examples

When working with Python programming, data structures play a crucial role in organizing and manipulating data efficiently. Among several data structures available, lists, tuples, and sets are three fundamental ones that every Python programmer/developer should understand. Lists, tuples, and sets are unique in terms of their properties and functionality, making them most appropriate for different scenarios. Not only are these data structures most frequently used in everyday programming tasks, but they are also frequently asked about in interviews with data analysts and data scientists. Therefore, grasping the concepts of lists, tuples, and sets becomes essential. In this blog, we will delve deeper into the specifics of lists, tuples, and sets, …

You can use citation styles as appropriate. Thank you Kumar, Ajitesh. "Two independent samples t-tests: Formula & Examples." Vitalflux.com, 22…