Tag Archives: LLM

Attention Mechanism in Transformers: Examples

attention mechanism in transformer

Last updated: 1st Feb, 2024 The attention mechanism allows the model to focus on relevant words or phrases when performing NLP tasks such as translating a sentence or answering a question. It is a critical component in transformers, a type of neural network architecture used in NLP tasks such as those related to LLMs. In this blog, we will delve into different aspects of the attention mechanism (also called an attention head), common approaches (such as self-attention, cross attention, etc.) to calculating and implementing attention, and learn the concepts with the help of real-world examples. You can get good details in this book: Generative Deep Learning by David Foster. You …

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Posted in Large Language Models, NLP. Tagged with , , .

Large Language Models (LLMs): Types, Examples

Large language models - LLM - building blocks

Last updated: 31st Jan, 2024 Large language models (LLMs), being the key pillar of generative AI, have been gaining traction in the world of natural language processing (NLP) due to their ability to process massive amounts of text and generate accurate results related to predicting the next word in a sentence, given all the previous words. These different LLM models are trained on a large or broad corpus of text datasets, which contain hundreds of millions to billions of words. LLMs, as they are known, rely on complex algorithms including transformer architectures that shift through large datasets and recognize patterns at the word level. This data helps the LLMs better understand …

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Posted in Data Science, Deep Learning, Generative AI, Large Language Models, Machine Learning, NLP. Tagged with , .

LLM Optimization for Inference – Techniques, Examples

LLM Inference Optimization Techniques Examples

One of the common challenges faced with the deployment of large language models (LLMs) while achieving low-latency completions (inferences) is the size of the LLMs. The size of LLM throws challenges in terms of compute, storage, and memory requirements. And, the solution to this is to optimize the LLM deployment by taking advantage of model compression techniques that aim to reduce the size of the model. In this blog, we will look into three different optimization techniques namely pruning, quantization, and distillation along with their examples. These techniques help model load quickly while enabling reduced latency during LLM inference. They reduce the resource requirements for the compute, storage, and memory. …

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Posted in Generative AI, Large Language Models, Machine Learning, NLP, Python. Tagged with , , , .

Transformer Architecture in Deep Learning: Examples

Transformer Architecture

The Transformer model architecture, introduced by Vaswani et al. in 2017, is a deep learning model that has revolutionized the field of natural language processing (NLP) giving rise to large language models (LLMs) such as BERT, GPT, T5, etc.  In this blog, we will learn about the details of transformer model architecture with the help of examples and references from the mother paper – Attention is All You Need.  Transformer Block – Core Building Block of Transformer Model Architecture Before getting to understand the details of transformer model architecture, let’s understand the key building block termed transformer block. The core building block of the Transformer architecture consists of multi-head attention …

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Posted in Deep Learning, Generative AI, NLP. Tagged with , , .

Instruction Fine-tuning LLM Explained with Examples

Instruction fine-tuning LLM example

A pre-trained or foundation model is further trained (or fine-tuned) with instructions datasets to help them learn about your specific data and perform humanlike tasks. These models are called instruction fine-tuning LLMs. In this blog, we will learn about the concepts and different examples of instruction fine-tuning models. You might want to check out this book to learn more: Generative AI on AWS. What are Instruction fine-tuning LLMs? Instruction fine-tuning LLMs, also called chat or instruct models, are created by training pre-trained models with different types of instructions. Instruction fine-tuning can be defined as a type of supervised machine learning that improves the foundation model by continuously comparing the model’s …

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Posted in Deep Learning, Large Language Models, NLP. Tagged with , .