# Learn R – How to Get Random Training and Test Data Set

This article represents sample source code which could be used to extract random training and test data set from a data frame using R programming language. The R code below could prove very handy while you are working to create a model using any machine learning algorithm. Please feel free to comment/suggest if I missed to mention one or more important points. Also, sorry for the typos.

# Read the data from a file; The command below assumes that the working
# directory has already been set. One could set working directory using
# setwd() command.

# get a vector comprising of all indices starting from 1 and ending with row number
index <- 1:nrow(sample_df)

# Get random indices of size n from index vector; In command below, the
# size n is determined using trunc(length(index))/3
randindex <- sample(index, trunc(length(index))/3)

# Get the training set consisting of all the items except one represented using
# randindex
trainset <- sample_df[-randindex,]
# Get the test set represented using random index
testset <- sample_df[randindex,]