ElasticSearch Fuzzy Query Example in Java

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ElasticSearch fuzzy query can be used in scenarios when the user searches with mistyped keywords or misspellings. Alternatively, it can also be used for performing the search for similar words based on Levenshtein Edit Distance, which can be defined as the minimum number of single-character edits (insertions, deletions or substitutions) required to change one word into the other.

In this post, Fuzzy Search using ElasticSearch Java API is demonstrated. Some of the following points are covered:

  • Getting Setup with ElasticSearch and Kibana
  • ElasticSearch Library POM Entries
  • Using Fuzzy Query API for fuzzy search
  • Using Match Query API for fuzzy search
  • Using Bool Query API for Fuzzy Search

Getting Setup with ElasticSearch and Kibana

First and foremost, get set up with ElasticSearch and Kibana. For Windows environment, refer to my post on Getting Started with ElasticSearch and Kibana on Windows

ElasticSearch Library POM Entries

Create a Java Maven project. Put the following in pom.xml file for working with ElasticSearch Java APIs:

<dependency>
    <groupId>org.elasticsearch.client</groupId>
    <artifactId>transport</artifactId>
    <version>6.2.2</version>
</dependency>
<dependency>
    <groupId>org.json</groupId>
    <artifactId>json</artifactId>
    <version>20180130</version>
</dependency>

Using Fuzzy Query API for Fuzzy Search

Pay attention to some of the following which is required for using fuzzy query for search the index:

  • Create an instance of TransportClient
  • Create an instance of QueryBuilder using fuzzyQuery API
  • Create an instance of SearchRequestBuilder for creating the request object
  • Invoke Get API on the instance of SearchRequestBuilder
  • Iterate through the search results
public class App {

    private static final String INDEX_NAME = "recruitment";
    private static final String INDEX_TYPE = "interviews";

    public static void main(String[] args) throws IOException {
        //
        // Create an instance of TransportClient
        //
        TransportClient client = = new PreBuiltTransportClient(Settings.EMPTY)
                .addTransportAddress(new TransportAddress(InetAddress.getByName("127.0.0.1"), 9300));
        //
        // Create a query builder using fuzzyQuery Method
        // Name of the key to search: name
        // Value to search: "vitalflux"
        //
        QueryBuilder queryBuilder = QueryBuilders.fuzzyQuery(name, "vitalflux").boost(1.0f).prefixLength(0).fuzziness(Fuzziness.ONE).transpositions(true);
        //
        // Create an instance of SearchRequestBuilder
        //
        SearchRequestBuilder requestBuilder = client.prepareSearch(INDEX_NAME).setTypes(INDEX_TYPE)
                .setQuery(queryBuilder).setSize(100);
        //
        // Get the search result
        //
        SearchResponse response = requestBuilder.get();
        //
        // Iterate through search results
        //
        SearchHit[] srchHits = response.getHits().getHits();
        String[] result = new String[srchHits.length];
        int i = 0;
        for (SearchHit srchHit : srchHits) {
            result[i++] = (String) srchHit.getSourceAsMap().get(KEY_NAME);
        }
    }
}

Using Match Query API for Fuzzy Search

The following code can be used to build the QueryBuilder instance with Match Query API which is later used to build the instance of SearchRequestBuilder. The rest of the code remains same as above code.

QueryBuilder queryBuilder = QueryBuilders.matchQuery("name", "vitalflux").fuzziness(Fuzziness.ONE).boost(1.0f).prefixLength(0).fuzzyTranspositions(true);
//
// Create an instance of SearchRequestBuilder
//
SearchRequestBuilder requestBuilder = client.prepareSearch(INDEX_NAME).setTypes(INDEX_TYPE).setQuery(queryBuilder).setSize(100);
//
// Get the search result
//
SearchResponse response = requestBuilder.get();

Using Bool Query API for Fuzzy Search

The following code can be used to build the QueryBuilder instance with Bool Query API which is later used to build the instance of SearchRequestBuilder. The rest of the code remains same as above code.

QueryBuilder queryBuilder = QueryBuilders.matchQuery(KEY_NAME, refNumber).fuzziness(editDistance).boost(1.0f).prefixLength(0).fuzzyTranspositions(true);
//
// Create Bool Query Builder
//
final QueryBuilder boolQueryBuilder = QueryBuilders.boolQuery().must(fuzzyQueryBuilder);
//
// Create an instance of SearchRequestBuilder
//
SearchRequestBuilder requestBuilder = client.prepareSearch(INDEX_NAME).setTypes(INDEX_TYPE).setQuery(boolQueryBuilder).setSize(100);
//
// Get the search result
//
SearchResponse response = requestBuilder.get();

Further Reading / References

Summary

In this post, you learned about using fuzzy query with ElasticSearch using Java APIs.

Did you find this article useful? Do you have any questions or suggestions about this article in relation to doing fuzzy search using ElasticSearch Java APIs? Leave a comment and ask your questions and I shall do my best to address your queries.

Ajitesh Kumar

Ajitesh Kumar

Ajitesh is passionate about various different technologies including programming languages such as Java/JEE, Javascript, PHP, C/C++, mobile programming languages etc, and, computing fundamentals related with cloud-native technologies, application security, cloud computing platforms, mobile apps, big data etc.

He has also authored the book, Building Web Apps with Spring 5 and Angular.
Ajitesh Kumar

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