ReactJS – Component-oriented UI Design Explained with Calculator Example

This article represents high level concepts with code examples used to create a trivial calculator using ReactJS. Please feel free to comment/suggest if I missed to mention one or more important points. Also, sorry for the typos.
Following are the key points described later in this article:

  • Design & Analysis – ReactJS Calculator
  • Code Sample – ReactJS Calculator


Design & Analysis – ReactJS Calculator

Calculator consists of three components, one (Operation) of which is reusable component. Following are these components:

  • InputField: This represents textfield which allows uses to enter the number
  • Operation: This component represents operation such as addtion (+), subtraction (-), multiplication (*), division (/) in the example below. The component has two attributes such as label (which defines +,-,*,/) and ops that represents actual operation of addition, subtraction, multiplication and division. The same component is used for different operation.
  • Output: This represents the output of calculation.

Following are some of the key points to be noted:

  • Each component can be defined using following code:
    	var SomeClassName = React.createClass({
    	    render: function() {
    		    return (


    ); } });

    This component could be represented in HTML syntax using following:

  • The value that needs to be updated on UI is represented using “state”. To update UI, this.setState API is called.
  • The event in the children component is passed to the parent component. This is demonstrated in following code example:
    	var InputField = React.createClass({
    		handleChange: function() {
    			this.props.onNumberChange({value: this.refs.inputno.getDOMNode().value})			
    		handleOnFocus: function() {
    			this.refs.inputno.getDOMNode().value = '';
    		render: function() {

    In above code sample, onNumberChange is a custom event handler method of InputField component. This method is passed value such as “this.refs.inputno.getDOMNode().value” as shown in the code sample. This value is passed to the parent method, handleNumberChange owing to the way the component is defined. Take a look at the code below.

  • CSS class is specified using the attribute className.
  • Local style is applied using style={{}} syntax.


Code Sample – ReactJS Calculator

    Hello React


Ajitesh Kumar
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Ajitesh Kumar

I have been recently working in the area of Data Science and Machine Learning / Deep Learning. In addition, I am also passionate about various different technologies including programming languages such as Java/JEE, Javascript, Python, R, Julia etc and technologies such as Blockchain, mobile computing, cloud-native technologies, application security, cloud computing platforms, big data etc. I would love to connect with you on Linkedin.
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