MEAN Stack Apps Explained for Java Developers

This article represents brief description of What is MEAN Stack Web/Mobile App. Coming from Java background, I thought it to present an analogy for Java developers to get a quick understanding on MEAN Web/Mobile App. Please feel free to comment/suggest if I missed to mention one or more important points. Also, sorry for the typos.

Following are the key points described later in this article:

  • What is MEAN Web/Mobile App?
  • A Web Application Stack in General
  • Sample Web App using JEE (Spring/Hibernate) Framework
  • A MEAN Stack Web/Mobile App


What is MEAN Web/Mobile App?

A MEAN Stack based web/mobile app makes use of following technologies:

You may note that we are no more required to use middleware technologies such as JEE or .NET to process user request/response. Its all about Javascript. :). In following text, I shall briefly explain the skeleton of any Web application with examples and show analogy with MEAN Stack.


A Web Application Stack in General

A web application framework is required to fulfil some of the following key objectives:

  • One or more user interfaces for end users to interact
  • One or more web servers to handle user request/response
  • A Web framework to process user request/response
  • One or more databases to store the data

Following are key components of any web application framework in general:

  • UI
  • Web Server
  • Web application framework
  • Database


Sample Web App using JEE (Spring/Hibernate) Framework

In Java web application, following are key components and related technologies:

  • UI: This is taken care using HTML/CSS with JSP embedded tags to render dynamic data.
  • Web/Application Server: The web server handles user requests and sends back the response after being processed using one or more services/components. Example of such app server is Tomcat server.
  • Web Framework: There is required a web framework to process the user requests/response. This is where framework such as Spring, Struts and other popular Java web frameworks fit in.
  • Database: There are different databases that one could use. For example, MySQL, Oracle, SQL Server etc.

Following diagram represents a JEE based web app.

Java Web App Framework

Java Web App Framework


A MEAN Stack Web/Mobile App

A MEAN Web/Mobile app looks like following:

  • UI: This is taken care using AngularJS.
  • Web Server: This is based on NodeJS.
  • Web Framework: This is based on ExpressJS. Mongoose is used to connect to MongoDB database.
  • Database: The database is MongoDB.

Following diagram represents MEAN Stack App:

MEAN App Framework

MEAN App Framework

Ajitesh Kumar

Ajitesh Kumar

Ajitesh is passionate about various different technologies including programming languages such as Java/JEE, Javascript, PHP, .NET, C/C++, mobile programming languages etc and, computing fundamentals such as application security, cloud computing, API, mobile apps, google glass, big data etc.Recently, he has been digging deep into the field of data science and machine learning.

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Ajitesh Kumar

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