Learn R – How to Get Data Frames Columns as Vectors

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This article represents different ways in which one could get a data frame column as a vector. Please feel free to comment/suggest if I missed to mention one or more important points. Also, sorry for the typos.
4 Techniques to Get Data Frame Column as Vector

In the examples below, diamonds dataset from ggplot2 package is considered. This is how a diamond dataset looks like:

head_diamonds

Following are four different technique/method using which one could retrieve a data frame column as a vector.

# In the data set shown above, carat represents column name and hence, [['carat']]
carat1 <- diamonds[['carat']]
# In the data set shown above, carat represents 1st column and hence, index 1
carat2 <- diamonds[,1]
# Pay attention to usage of dollar $ operator
carat3 <- diamonds$carat
# In the data set shown above, carat represents column name and hence, [, "carat"]
carat4 <- diamonds[,"carat"]
Ajitesh Kumar

Ajitesh Kumar

Ajitesh is passionate about various different technologies including programming languages such as Java/JEE, Javascript, PHP, .NET, C/C++, mobile programming languages etc and, computing fundamentals such as application security, cloud computing, API, mobile apps, google glass, big data etc.Recently, he has been digging deep into the field of data science and machine learning.

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Ajitesh Kumar

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